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            Analysis on the Status Quo and Future Development Trend of China's Plastic Industry Foreign Trade

            2015-05-05
            巳 China, which ranks among the world's major plastics industrial countries, has developed its plastics industry chain into the global plastics industry. At the same time, driven by China ’s booming consumer market, China ’s plastics industry chain has major trends in foreign trade import and export Become the focus of industry attention.
            Products: The added value of export products needs to be improved
            According to statistics from the General Administration of Customs of China, the total import and export trade of plastic products in China in 2008 was US $ 38.84 billion, a year-on-year increase of 12.6%. The year-on-year growth rate dropped by 2.6 percentage points, and the trade surplus was US $ 14.98 billion. Among them, the cumulative export value was 26.91 billion US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 15.5%. , Accounting for 8.7% of total light industry exports. , Ranking sixth in the light industry. The effects of export incentive policies have begun to appear. It was learned from Guangzhou Customs that on November 1, 2008, the state increased the export tax refund rate for most of the tariff lines of plastic products to 9%. Later, it played a certain role in promoting the export of plastic products. In November and December last year, the monthly export value of Guangdong plastic products reached a record high, reaching 650 million and 810 million US dollars, respectively, a significant increase of 30%. And 53.49%.
            From the overall situation of the industry: the export of plastic products in December 2008 showed signs of stabilization and rebounded slightly. The data shows that the growth rate of exports in January-September fell by 2.9% year-on-year to a small increase of 0.66% in January-December, indicating that some- The increase in the export tax rebate rate of plastic products has shown a positive effect on the export of plastic products.
            Since March of this year, the export of plastic products has shown signs of picking up month by month. In March, China ’s plastic products exports were 516,600 tons, with a total export value of 1.134 billion US dollars, an increase of 65,4% and 73.77%, respectively. , Amounted to 1.21 billion US dollars, an increase of 11.9%.
            At the same time as the total imports of plastic products increased, the growth rate of imports continued to fall. Last year, China's cumulative imports of plastic products were 11.93 billion US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 6.6%. , The growth rate fell by 9.3 percentage points over the same period.
            In recent years, China ’s plastic export products have gradually expanded from raw materials processing to general consumer products, but the added value is still low. From 2007, the average unit price of plastic products was US $ 2250 / ton, the average unit price of imports was US $ 6,491 tons, and the unit price of imports It is 2.88 times the export unit price. On the other hand, it also shows that China's domestic demand for high-tech products is huge and needs to be resolved by imports.
            From the perspective of product segmentation, the advantages of plastic pipe application are obvious, and the market development prospects are promising. The industry's current processing capacity has exceeded 5 million tons. 管材 管件产量为459.34万吨,同比增长28.189%。 In 2008, the output of plastic pipe fittings in China was 4,594,400 tons, a year-on-year increase of 28.189%. The export of plastic pipes reached 356,300 tons, a year-on-year increase of 22.21%. , The export value was 1.02 billion US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 31.15%. ; Imports of 40,800 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 10.38 ^%, the import value was 470 million US dollars, an increase of 4.94%.
            China's artificial leather and synthetic leather production lines and output have accounted for two-thirds of the world's total output. Products of 20 kinds of artificial leather and synthetic leather are exported to countries all over the world. Last year, they exported 300,000 tons with an export value of 1 billion US dollars, maintaining a continuous growth situation for many years.
            The biaxially stretched polystyrene (BOPS) sheet industry currently has a production capacity of 62,000 tons. In addition to the domestic use of about 10,000 tons, currently through the development of international markets, the remaining 50,000 tons are all exported.
            In 2008, China ’s annual output of plastic shopping bags was about 2.5 million tons, of which about 900,000 tons were exported, with a total output value of 37.5 billion yuan. Since the implementation of the plastic limit order on June 1, 2008, the entire industry is shifting towards a standardized and environmentally friendly direction.
            The import of waste plastics is also an important part of the import of plastic products. In 2008, the import of waste plastics was 7.075 million tons, an increase of 16.7% over the previous year.
            Plastic machine: rapid growth but high trade deficit
            According to import and export statistics from the National Bureau of Statistics and China Customs, in 2008, China's plastic machinery industry realized a total industrial output of 26.006 billion yuan, an increase of 14.08% over the previous year. , Which is more than five percentage points higher than China's GDP; the annual total sales output value was 24.605 billion yuan, an increase of 11.529% over the previous year; the sales revenue was 23.842 billion yuan, an increase of 9.139% year-on-year; the export delivery value was 10.6 billion US dollars , A year-on-year increase of 3.139%, the total profit was RMB 1.583 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 15.869%. On the whole, in addition to the obvious decline in profit indicators, other economic indicators still exceeded the level of the previous year, maintaining a steady and rapid growth trend, and achieving 8 consecutive years of rapid growth since the new century.
            Despite the impact of the international financial crisis and India's anti-dumping on China's injection molding machine, China's plastic machinery exports in 2008 still performed well and maintained a rapid growth momentum. The annual export delivery value was US $ 1.06 billion. The most exported year since the new century. Export destinations are: Japan, Taiwan Province of China, Germany, South Korea, the United States, Canada, India, Austria, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Vietnam, Thailand, and the Russian Federation.
            In 2008, China's imports of plastic machinery amounted to approximately US $ 2.014 billion, a decrease of US $ 811 million over the previous year. It was also the first year in China that the number of plastic machine imports continued to rise. The sources of imported goods are: Taiwan Province, Japan, Germany, South Korea, the United States, Canada, the Netherlands, Austria, Italy, France and other countries and regions.
            Although China has become a major exporter of plastic machinery, its export volume and value have shown a substantial increase year after year. However, China still has to import a large number of medium- and low-grade plastic machinery from abroad, especially when the import value is greater than the export value. Only last year, the import value was almost doubled by exports. This is not in line with the status of Zhongli Plastic Machinery's annual output in the world and the status of a major exporter. The industry must accelerate the change of passive situation.
            Synthetic resin: Consumption surges and export declines
            In 2008, China ’s apparent consumption of synthetic resin reached 51.914 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 13.40%; of which, output increased by 1.82%. , Almost the same as last year; imports increased by 22.8%, exports fell by nearly 30%, indicating that China ’s plastic market consumption has grown steadily, and the trend of steadily driving international demand has not changed. However, we can also see that the international financial crisis has had a profound impact on the consumption structure of China's plastic raw materials. The output of the five general-purpose resins has declined except for a slight increase, and their imports and apparent consumption have shown a downward trend.
            Auxiliary: stubbornly increasing domestic demand
            China's consumption of plastic additives in 2008 was 2.73 million tons. According to the investigation and analysis of the China Plastic Assisting Agents Commission, due to the decrease in domestic and foreign consumer demand and consumption, the production and sales of antioxidants and light stabilizers will continue to decrease.
            Comparing 2009 with January-June 2008, companies that export direct antioxidants and light stabilizers and companies that sell antioxidants and light stabilizers to export plastic products are expected to reduce production and sales by 20% -40%; Domestic general consumption-based antioxidants and light stabilizer companies are expected to reduce production and sales by 10% -30%. It is expected that by the first half of 2011, the average monthly production and sales of domestic antioxidants and light stabilizer companies will return to the level of the first half of 2008. In the second half of 2011, the average monthly production and sales volume of domestic antioxidants and light stabilizer companies began to increase, increasing by about 10%.
            China's plastics industry has ranked among the world's advanced plastics nations, and its overall advantages are gradually increasing. The sacred mission is to make plastic processing machinery rank first in the world, and develop from a design and manufacturing power to an advanced independent development power; enable plastic synthetic resin production And plastic products processing rank second in the world. They have gradually shifted from relying heavily on imported resins to domestic multi-variety production to meet market demand; from processing tens of millions of tons of products to industries with Chinese brands with more independent intellectual property rights. Make the entire plastics industry achieve leapfrog development, and revitalize the plastics industry with practical actions.
            2009年1-9月塑料相关产品外贸点评 PreviousJanuary -September 2009 Foreign Trade Reviews of Plastic Related Products
            我国塑料产业在逆势中寻找新机遇分析 Next Analysis of China's plastics industry looking for new opportunities in the face of adversity


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